Primary hyperparathyroidism: renal calcium excretion in patients with and without renal stone sisease before and after parathyroidectomy.

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Primary hyperparathyroidism: renal calcium excretion in patients with and without renal stone sisease before and after parathyroidectomy.
World J Surg. 2002 May;26(5):532-5
Authors: Frøkjaer VG, Mollerup CL
Abstract
The effect of parathyroidectomy on renal calcium excretion per 24 hours in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism with and without a history of renal stone disease was evaluated. Altogether, 91 patients operated on for primary hyperparathyroidism formed the study group for preoperative analysis. Of these patients, 42 were evaluated 1 to 3 years postoperatively. The median preoperative serum calcium level was 2.92 mmol/L, and it was the same for patients with or without renal stones. Preoperatively we found no differences in renal calcium excretion between patients with and without renal stone disease. The median renal calcium excretion was 6.80 mmol/24 hr. At 1 to 3 years after successful parathyroidectomy the group with renal stone disease had higher renal calcium excretion than the group without renal stones (p = 0.03). The reduced effect of parathyroidectomy on renal calcium excretion in the patients with renal stone disease indicates that factors not related to the hyperparathyroid state could contribute to disturbances in renal calcium excretion and hence stone formation. In conclusion, the pathologic basis for renal stone formation in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism might not be the hyperparathyroid state alone; stone formation could be related to other predisposing factors as well. Therefore, although parathyroidectomy can cure hyperparathyroidism, the curative effect on renal stone disease should be reconsidered.
PMID: 12098039 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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