Quantification of 123I-PE2I binding to dopamine transporter with SPECT after bolus and bolus/infusion.

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Quantification of 123I-PE2I binding to dopamine transporter with SPECT after bolus and bolus/infusion.
J Nucl Med. 2005 Jul;46(7):1119-27
Authors: Pinborg LH, Ziebell M, Frøkjaer VG, de Nijs R, Svarer C, Haugbøl S, Yndgaard S, Knudsen GM
Abstract
UNLABELLED: The aim of the present study was to describe a method combining easy implementation in a clinical setting with accuracy and precision in quantification of 123I-labeled N-(3-iodoprop-(2E)-enyl)-2beta-carboxymethoxy-3beta-(4′-methylphenyl)nortropane (PE2I) binding to brain dopamine transporter.
METHODS: Five healthy subjects (mean age, 50 y; range, 40-68 y) were studied twice. In the first experiment, dynamic SPECT data and arterial plasma input curves obtained after 123I-PE2I bolus injection were assessed using Logan, kinetic, transient equilibrium, and peak equilibrium analyses. Accurate and precise determination of BP1 (binding potential times the free fraction in the metabolite-corrected plasma compartment) and BP2 (binding potential times the free fraction in the intracerebral nonspecifically bound compartment) was achieved using Logan analysis and kinetic analysis, with a total study time of 90 min. In the second experiment, (123)I-PE2I was administrated as a combined bolus and constant infusion. The bolus was equivalent to 2.7 h of constant infusion.
RESULTS: The bolus-to-infusion ratio of 2.7 h was based on the average terminal clearance rate from plasma in the bolus experiments. Steady state was attained in brain and plasma within 2 h, and time-activity curves remained constant for another 2 h. Even when an average bolus-to-infusion ratio was used, the striatal BP1 and BP2 values calculated with kinetic analysis (BP1 = 21.1 +/- 1.1; BP2 = 4.1 +/- 0.4) did not significantly differ from those calculated with bolus/infusion analysis (BP1 = 21.0 +/- 1.2; BP2 = 4.3 +/- 0.3). Computer simulations confirmed that a 2-fold difference in terminal clearance rate from plasma translates into only a 10% difference in BP1 and BP2 calculated from 120 to 180 min after tracer administration.
CONCLUSION: The bolus/infusion approach allows accurate and precise quantification of 123I-PE2I binding to dopamine transporter and is easily implemented in a clinical setting.
PMID: 16000280 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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